Anatoly Evgenievich Karpov was born on May 23, 1951 in Russia, Chelyabinsk Region, Zlatoust city.
He’s been interested in chess since childhood. When he was 11 y.o. he received the candidate title for a master of sports. At 12 y.o. he started his education at Botvinnik’s Chess School. At 14 y.o. he became the master of sports of the USSR. After graduation, he entered the Mechanics and Mathematics department of Moscow State University. After that he moved to the Leningrad State University to the Economics department. While he was achieving higher education he successfully participated in tournaments and in 1969 received the title of International Master of Sports in Chess. And in 1970 he became an international grandmaster.
In 1973 he won the interzonal tournament in Leningrad (1-2 places with Viktor Korchnoi) and in 1974 he overcame all the steps of the Candidates Matches (in the quarterfinals he won Lev Polugaevsky, in the semifinals won Boris Spassky, in the final won Viktor Korchnoi). In the same year he received the title of Honored Master of Sports of the USSR in chess. He began intensive preparations for the match with Robert Fisher, but Fisher refused to participate after long negotiations with FIDE in the spring of 1975. So Anatoly Karpov was proclaimed the 12 world chess champion.
After the system of world championships’s collapse Anatoly Karpov managed to become the FIDE world champion three times. He won matches with Jan Timman in 1993, with Gata Kamsky in 1996 and the first Olympic tournament in 1998, winning Vichy Anand in the final.
- 16-times world chess champion
- 7-times world chess champion in the individual championship
- 8-times world chess champion in the team competition
- 1st world rapid chess champion
- 11-times owner of the chess Oscar
Anatoly Karpov had been holding a post of a Deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR from 1989 to 1991. Since 1995 he’s been holding a post of a Deputy of the Russian Federation State Duma.
- Chairman of the Organizing committee and President of the all-russian competition "White rook»;
- Chairman of the Council - President of the Interregional public foundation “Mikhail Botvinnik”;
- Vice-President of the International Russian chess Federation;
- President of the organizing committee of the World children's chess olympiads;
- Chairman of the council of the “Children of Chernobyl chess school”;
- Chairman of the organizing committee of the international festival “Chess in schools”;
- President Of The International Association Of Peace Foundations;
- Deputy of the Russian Federation State Duma;
- President of the international network of Anatoly Karpov’s chess schools;
- President of the “Green Russia” environmental movement;
- President of non-Olympic sports.